Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Its PrinciplesMental Health
The main goal of psychosocial rehabilitation is to help mentally ill individuals integrate into society, and lead full lives within their communities and surrounding areas. Psychosocial rehab takes a holistic approach and the individual, not the mental illness, is the center of all interventions. This type of rehab builds on the individual's strengths, and is geared towards teaching the skills necessary for independent living, socialization and management of life.
Three Core Components
There are three core components associated with psychosocial rehabilitation. These programs are designed to help keep clients out of the hospital setting, and help the individual achieve the highest level of satisfaction while living in a community. The core components are:
1. Residential Programs- These programs are put in place to help the individual find a suitable place to live. The worker will help the person find a home that meets the person's needs.
2. Social Rehabilitation- This type of program is designed to help the individual learn and/or strengthen social skills and build relationships. The program focuses on helping the individual learn and/or strengthen basic social skills, interpersonal skills, decision-making and problem solving.
3. Vocational Rehabilitation- These programs help the individual learn the skills necessary for working within the community. The skills taught may include; computer skills, meal preparation, cleaning, and basic building repairs. These programs also help the individual with job placement and interview preparation.
The Principles of Psychosocial Rehabilitation
According to Hughes and Weinstein (2000), there are eight principles associated with psychosocial rehabilitation. It is important that any person working in this field understand and follow these principles. The eight principles are:
• Hope is the main ingredient of psychosocial rehabilitation. Every person has the capacity to learn and grow.
• Treat everyone with respect and dignity. No one should be labeled or discriminated against because of a disability, dysfunction, illness or disease. The whole person is the focus of psychosocial rehabilitation, not the illness.
• Psychosocial rehabilitation focuses on "real world" activities. It helps develop skills and supports for those who participate. Psychosocial rehab helps individuals live as normal roles as possible within their family and their communities.
• Multicultural diversity is appreciated as a source of strength and program enrichment. Be respectful of considerate and respectful of diversity.
• The premise of psychosocial rehabilitation is self-determination and empowerment. Allow the individual to make choices concerning his or her life. Recognize that the client has rights and responsibilities.
• Psychosocial rehabilitation is individualized. Assessments and interventions are tailored and flexible.
• The role of the psychosocial rehabilitation practitioner is to engage the person with mental illness in real world tasks and relationships.
• The primary goals of psychosocial rehabilitation are to prevent unnecessary hospitalizations and the stabilization of life in the community.
Hughes, R, & Weinstein, D. (2000). Best practices in psychosocial rehabilitation. Columbia,MD: International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services.
PSR Nova Scotia, Promoting and supporting recovery-oriented practice, retrieved from http://www.psrnovascotia.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=VLilkP8fRYI%3D&tabid=85&mid=500, February 27, 2011